What is a DIN EN ISO standard?
This is a national standard used primarily in Germany, or published in preparation for an international standard. DIN standards are published by the German Institute for Standardization (DIN) in Berlin. If the document contains the standard abbreviation "DIN EN", it is the German variant of a European standard (EN) that is accepted by all members of the European standards organization (CEN).
If "DIN EN ISO" precedes the document number, it corresponds to a globally applicable document of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Examples are DIN EN ISO 14001 for an environmental management system or DIN EN ISO 50001 for an energy management system. If an ISO standard is adopted unchanged as a national standard, it is a "DIN ISO" standard, e.g. DIN ISO 27001 for information security.
Often, their application is only a recommendation and their use is based on a voluntary basis. This is the case, for example, with ISO 9001 for the implementation and certification of a quality management system. However, the voluntary nature can be limited to a certain extent if a corresponding certificate is a prerequisite for a business relationship. However, there are also areas in which the legislator or authorities make the application of standards mandatory, for example in the case of compliance with fire safety regulations in Germany. This is where DIN 14095 comes into play, which sets out requirements for fire plans for buildings.
How is a standard created?
In principle, a standard can be initiated or applied for by anyone. In most cases, however, the application is made by associations or companies. However, until it is published and valid, it is discussed in the professional community, and experts can test its viability.
The path to publication of a German DIN document can be as follows:
- Initiation of a standard
The standardization proposal is submitted and presented to one of DIN's 3,600 committees for processing.
- First draft and discussion
The committee produces first drafts on which all experts must agree. Discussion of the content takes place in public. Companies and consumers have the opportunity to participate as experts in the respective committees. To keep costs as low as possible, it is usually associations that send representatives to the committees. This means that not every company has to send an expert individually.
- Publication of the draft
After the drafts are made available to the expert public, a period of two to four months begins. Within this time, comments or criticisms can be made on the draft. The comments are reviewed, and if there are no further objections, the document is published.
After five years at the latest, a review is carried out to determine whether the content of the standard still corresponds to the current state of the art (e.g. technology). If there is no need for adaptation, the document remains valid until the next review. If the review shows that a standard in its existing form is no longer of sufficient use, the document is either revised or possibly withdrawn.
How is a DIN EN ISO standard structured?
In Germany, the structure and also the design of a standard is itself subject to a standard, namely DIN 820, which regulates all the principles of standardization work.
Standards for management systems are also subject to a uniform basic structure with identical core content and core terms, the so-called High Level Structure (HLS). It was introduced by ISO in 2012 to improve the alignment of different, topic-specific standard requirements and to facilitate integration into an already existing (integrated) management system.